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Reports in Year 2015

1 Fabrication for the array type electro-optical modulator (final report)(No.073A40277) We aim in this project to develop a novel array type (12 channels) electro-optic (EO) optical modulator in LiNbO3 with each channel capable of being independently modulated and working at a designated wavelength in the 1550-1565 nm range. Such an array type modulator is seldom studied and not to mention its availability. The PI of this project and his research team have   rich research and development experience in developing novel multi-function photonic devices based on LiNbO3 via accessing the superior integrated optical and nonlinear optical properties of the crystal. Based on these research achievements, the research team has devoted to this project work readily and already accomplished all the set final project goals.In this study, we have successfully designed, fabricated, and characterized a stand-alone and an array type EO Mach–Zehnder interferometers (MZI) in Ti:LiNbO3 and annealed proton-exchanged (APE) waveguides fabricated using the high and relatively low temperature diffusion technologies, respectively. Several commercial grade simulation codes have been used to design and analyze the MZI structures and travelling-wave electrodes and to simulate and help optimize the output performance of the devices. The performance of the   fabricated MZI devices such as waveguide loss, device insertion loss, electrode RF response, and optical RF modulation bandwidth has been characterized to be close to a commercial grade device. The main specifications of the currently developed devices are as follows: working wavelength range: 1530-1570 nm, waveguide propagation loss: ~0.33-1 dB/cm, Y-branch loss: 0.9 dB/each, total insertion loss: <4-6 dB, electrode EO response: 3-dB bandwidth >16 GHz, optical modulation bandwidth: >3 GHz,   DC half-wave voltage: ~5 V, dimension of the bare chip: 40 mm(L)x 1.5 mm(W)x 1 mm(H), dimension of the packaged device: 200 mm (L)x 120 mm (W)x 25 mm (H), etc. All these results meet the final check points set for this project. We will continue
2 FY104法定計量分項--CNPA 76與新版R76(2006)調和評估期末研究報告(No.073A40263) This project is the feasibility evaluation of the performance test and harmonization research of the regulation for the revision of CNPA 76 “Technical Specification for Type Approval of Non-automatic Weighing Instruments” to meet the 2006 edition OIML R76 international recommendation. In 2015, the main research is feasibility evaluation of the performance test according to OIML R60 “Metrological regulation for load cells” for the load cell module of non-weighing instrument, this study provides as reference to revise the draft of CNPA 76 in 2016.
3 In-situ Spindle Error Motion Analysis Measurement Technical Report(No.073A40247) National Measurement Laboratory (NML) utilized the laser displacement sensors to develop the error motion analysis system for the spindles. Based on the standards, we measured the axial and the radial error motion signals by self-developed LabVIEW program and related devices. According to the error motion results, the quality of the spindle is able to be classified.   Therefore, the machining efficiency can be improved. This study can provide the spindle and the machinery industries a low-cost and easy operating spindle evaluating system.
4 Differences of technical requirements for gas meters between OIML R137-1&2 and   R31(No.073A40244) The   OIML R137-1&2 were published in 2012 and newly amended in 2014 for general gas meters, while the OIML R31 for membrane gas meter was superseded.The new recommendation could applied to gas meters of different principles including turbine, ultrasound and others. Also, gas meters may be divided in three accuracy classes and the MPEs are dependent on applicable   accuracy classes. The present regulation is comparable to the class 1.5.The   requirements for type approval and verification between R137 and R31 are found basically the same. A comparison table was completed and submitted to the authority for further discussion.The initial performance tests of the ultrasonic and turbine gas meters indicated that their accuracy met the   requirement as xthat for membrane gas meter in the flowrate of 2 % to 100 % of Qmax. It means that both the two types of gas meter could be considered as   applicable gas meter for utility use.
5 Frequency stabilization of mode-locked fiber laser with an intracavity waveguide   electro-optic modulator(No.073A40240) This   technical report introduces the frequency stabilization of a femtosecond mode-locked fiber laser with a fiber-pigtailed electro-optic modulator inside the laser cavity. The linewidth of the offset beat signal of the fiber laser comb is controlled to mHz-level. The comb line is also phase-locked to a CW laser with relative linewidth of mHz-level.
6 Research report: The   evaluation of high aspect ratio TSV micro-reflectometry measurement system(No.073A40229) 3D IC technology to solve the problem of the RC delay followed Moore's Law past semiconductor technology development caused by the three-dimensional stack of packages, from short vertical path do transmission, it is possible to significantly reduced by shortening the length of the wire RC delay problem, and transmission noise and energy consumption can be reduced. Leads directly through via through-silicon via (TSV, Through Silicon Via) wafer and the lower conductive contacts, through-silicon via etch process of geometric parameters affect the process yield, such as depth, size of the opening is the focus detection. The design specification optical reflectometer with fast Fourier (FFT, Fast Fourier Transform) algorithm, based on a set of scalable   architecture high aspect ratio microstructure type spectral reflectance meter measurement system of through-silicon via.
7 u-BGA moire measurement system evaluation research report(No.073A40224) The   report is to design a set of measurment system for measuring IC surface morphology, IC warpage amount (warpage), BGA flatness. The system uses the phase shift and phase   unwrapping technology Fringe analysis technique for lifting capacity and automatically reconstruct the surface topography of IC. The measurement system is the use of correction Reference Standard tablets as a reference, Width of the measuring solder ball height and two-dimensional image of the ball, so you can this Through the two-dimensional image on the three-dimensional   positioning in doing more to enhance the measurement uncertainty module makes the system more stability.
8 Deposited Nanoparticles onto surface of cantilever(No.073A40215) By using the high efficiency particle deposition system, CMS-500 particles were deposited onto surface of cantilever.
9 Final report of the CNPA 49 and water meter performance test research(No.073A40214) The international technical standards for water meters such as OIML R49 and ISO 4064 and the domestic meter standards for cold potable water CNS 14866 were all revised in the last few years. Due to the electronic-based water meter devices were introduced in those regulations and technical recommendations,   the related regulations for type approval and initial verification have to be   revised. This study, therefore, aims at the reconfirmation of the test capabilities that were established in the past years, the differences between the OIML R49:2013 and OIML R49-2006, and the fees of added electrical performance test for type approval. A draft of revised technical regulation was also submitted to BSMI for further discussion and enforcement.
10 A Technical Report of   Thermal Conductivity Measurement with a Thermal Needle Probe(No.073A40210) This research paper aims to develop the measurement system of thermal conductivity with a thermal needle probe. The thermal conductivity of a material can be obtained by measuring the relationship of temperature and time for a thermal needle probe in the material. There are many advantages for this measurement   technique. For example, it includes a small sample required, simple preparation of the samples, and easy operation. At the same time, the measuring time is short, and the ranges of measuring temperature and thermal conductivity are wide. This method of the thermal needle probe is very suitable and paid attention for development and testing of new materials.
11 High Precision Absolute Distance Measurement Module Technology(No.073A40209) High precision absolute distance measurement module " was made to replace the PC for processing data and reducing the size of the hardware. The Purpose is for achieving a portable system. AVNET company's ZedBoard was used for Absolute Ranging Module’s hardware and software code was written in Verilog .The technical report mainly contents including system hardware architecture, software programming, firmware , system operation and measurement results.
12 The research on the   difference between the regulations of gas meter: the Comparison chart for the   difference between OIML Recommendations:R137-1&-2 and R6 and   R31(No.073A40194) In this technique report, OIML R137-1&-2 will be compared with OIML R6 and R31. Through intercomparison, we hope to find clauses which are not revised and those are amended or newly added. Moreover, The Chinese translation of R31 is also attached in this report to facilitate cross reference for readers if necessary. It is beneficial to implement revision or addition of regulation for type evaluation techniques for gas meter
13 The Recommendation for Amendment of the Regulation for Verification and In-service Techniques for Diaphragm Gas Meter(No.073A40192) Since 2012, OIML R31 has been replaced by OIML R137-1&2, therefore, it is necessary to amend CNMV31-the Regulation for verification and in-service techniques for diaphragm gas meter, established by referring to OIML R31. In this technical report, clauses in OIML R137-1&2, which are related to the verification and in-service techniques for diaphragm gas meter, will be   underlined to compare with the present. Furthermore, those clauses will be served as the reference for revision of the regulation.Comparing to the requirements in the present regulation, if there are similarities in OIML R137-1&2, the respective recommended clauses will be marked with blue; on   the contrary, those necessary requirements listed in OIML R137-1&2 but not in the present regulation will be marked with red to serve as the new recommended clauses.
14 Fused-quartz Micro-resonator based 100 GHz-spaced Optical Frequency Comb for Optical communication(No.073A40187) Nowadays, optical micro-resonator has been widely applied in many fields, such as sensing, optical frequency comb generation and laser frequency stabilization. Design for the portable coupling and packaging is the most crucial issue to access these applications. In this report, an electromagnet is utilized to   connect between a precession translation stage that used for the laser coupling via taper fiber and the micro-resonator temporally. After packaging, both parts can be separated by switching off the current inside the electromagnet. The laser coupled micro-resonator with portable design is then performed. Optical frequency comb spacing of about 0.8 nm, which corresponded to the DWDM channel spacing of about 100 GHz was successfully generated based on the home-made taper fiber with transmission rate of more than 80 % and high quality factor (Q value) fused quartz micro-resonator.
15 Study Report of   Further Study on the Definition Realization of Metrological Traceability – Cases of Different Types of Measuring Systems(No.073A40183) Metrological traceability requires an established calibration hierarchy in the process of the definition realization of metrological traceability. While the property of a measurement result would not be the same due to the measured device with differentiated calibration hierarchy, we thus find out some discrepancy   appearing for the representation of the main traceable route of metrological traceability diagram when all characteristics required for metrological traceability are to be inspected, and then the traceable property of all the measurement results cannot be interpreted with a specific and fixed format. Hence, this paper will present how to establish and draw metrological traceability diagram step by step to embody the realization of metrological   traceability, and simultaneously satisfy the property of various measurement results with different calibration systems, through which several practical cases are studied with different types of measuring systems in different metrological areas.
16 The research on the   difference between the regulations of gas meter:OIML R137-1&-2 and R31 -   OIML R137-1 &2:2012(E)Chinese Translation(No.073A40176) In this research, we translate the document - OIML R137-1   &-2:2012(E)(including amendment 2014), which is published by OIML, into Chinese. In addition to translating content of the document, we also highlight mistakes in the original documents and correct them in our translated results; we also give brief explanation for some items if necessary.
17 ISO/IEC Guide 99:2007, International vocabulary of metrology – Basic and general concepts and associated terms (VIM) Traditional chinese translation(No.073A40164) In 1997 the Joint Committee for Guides in Metrology (JCGM), chaired by the Director of the BIPM, was formed by the seven International Organizations that had prepared the original versions of the Guide to the expression of uncertainty in measurement (GUM) and the International vocabulary of basic and general terms in metrology (VIM). The Joint Committee took on this part of the work of the ISO Technical Advisory Group 4(TAG 4), which had developed the GUM and the VIM. The Joint Committee was originally made up of representatives from the International Bureau of Weights and Measures (BIPM), the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC), the International Federation of Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine (IFCC), the International Organization for Standardization(ISO), the International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry (IUPAC), the   International Union of Pure and Applied Physics (IUPAP), and the   International Organization of Legal Metrology (OIML). In 2005, the   International Laboratory Accreditation Cooperation (ILAC) officially joined the seven founding international organizations. The JCGM has two Working Groups. Working Group 1 (JCGM/WG 1) on the GUM has the task of promoting the use of the GUM and preparing Supplements to the GUM for broad application.   Working Group 2 (JCGM/WG 2) on the VIM has the task of revising the VIM and promoting its use. Working Group 2 is composed of up to two representatives of each member organization, supplemented by a limited number of experts. The third edition of the VIM has been prepared by Working Group 2.In 2004, a first draft of the third edition of the VIM was submitted for comments and proposals to the eight organizations represented in the JCGM, which in most cases consulted their members or affiliates, including numerous National Metrology Institutes. Comments were studied and discussed, taken into account   when appropriate, and replied to by JCGM/WG 2. A final draft of the third edition was submitted in 
18 Fabrication for the array type electro-optical modulator (mid-term report)(No.073A40162) We aim in this project to develop a novel array type (12 channels) electro-optic (EO) optical modulator in LiNbO3 with each channel capable of being independently modulated and working at a designated wavelength in the 1550-1565 nm range. Such an array type modulator is seldom studied and not to mention its availability. The PI of this project and his research team have rich research and development experience in developing novel multi-function photonic devices based on LiNbO3 via accessing the superior integrated optical and nonlinear optical properties of the crystal [1]. Based on these research achievements, the research team has devoted to this project work readily and already accomplished all the set midterm project goals.In this   study, we have successfully designed, fabricated, and characterized a   stand-alone and an array type EO Mach–Zehnder interferometers (MZI) in Ti:LiNbO3 waveguides fabricated using the high-temperature diffusion technology. Several commercial grade simulation codes have been used to design and analyze the MZI structures and travelling-wave electrodes and to simulate and help optimize the output performance of the devices. The performance of the fabricated MZI devices such as waveguide loss, device   insertion loss, electrode RF response, and optical RF modulation bandwidth has been characterized to be close to a commercial grade device. The main specifications of the currently developed devices are as follows: working wavelength range:  1530-1570 nm, waveguide propagation loss: ~0.33 dB/cm, Y-branch loss: 0.9 dB/each, total insertion loss: <4 dB, electrode EO response: 3-dB bandwidth >2 GHz, optical modulation bandwidth: >3 GHz, DC half-wave voltage: ~15 V, dimension of the bare chip: 33 mm(L)x 13 mm(W)x 1 mm(H), dimension of the packaged device: 33 mm (L)x 35 mm (W)x 25 mm (H), etc. All these results meet the midterm check points set for this project.
19 Design summary of optical particle counter(No.073A40161) Optical particle counter is widely used in medicine, electronics manufacturing, precision machinery, CRT manufacturing, air pollution monitoring, microbiological and biomedical industries in the manufacturing process, to achieve a variety of clean level bench, clean room, thus ensuring product quality . This report was produced under the basic optical principles designed to send the first high power diode as a light source of a particle counter (Optical Particle Counting): In the basic optical principles; design   a high sensitivity of the particle counter.
20 Test procedures for pattern evaluation of load cell This procedure is a reference for pattern evaluation testing of load cells used in the measurement of mass. Preparations, testing item & procedure, post-testing and testing report are described in this procedure.
21 Design of Particle Deposition System for Deposition of Particles onto cantilever(No.073A40144) A high efficiency particle deposition system has been developed.
22 The Analysis and Simulation of Charged Aerosol Motion within Flow Field and Electric   Field(No.073A40143) This article studied the charged aerosol motion due to the influence of electric field by using computational fluid dynamics (CFD) program.
23 Research Report for   Measurement Principle and Hardware Structure of Laser TRACER(No.073A40093) This report presented the research results for developing of LASTER (Larger Scale Tracking Interferometer) measurement technology in CMS. Contents of this study consist of multilateration measurement technique, applying LaserTRACER to perform ISO 230-2 and ISO 230-6 testing as well as operation note,   construction of LaserTRACER, construction of LASTER and automatic tracking control process of LASTER and so on. Because multilateration measurement needs to use more than four LaserTRACERs, this report also described how to use single LaserTRACER to perform it. The progress of LASTER development is written in the last chapter of this report.
24 Testing procedure with  adsorbed   gasmethod-BET(No.073A40086) This document describes the calibration procedures to calibrate the specific surface area of smaples by measuring the amount of physically adsorbed gas according to the Brunauer, Emmett and Teller (BET) methodwith the measuring instrument ASAP 2020 analyzer manufactured by Micromeritics. This system currently provides the specific surface area calibration service for nano   sized standard particle from 5 m2/g to 550 m2/g. The BET method is applicable only to adsorption isotherms of type II (nonporous or macroporous solids, pore with width greater than approximately 50 nm) and type IV (mesoporous solids, pore diameter between 2 nm and 50 nm).
25 Uncertainty Evaluation of AC Voltage Differential Sampling Measurement Using AC   Programmable Josephson Voltage Standard(No.073A40064) AC pogrammable Josephson voltage standard (AC PJVS) system will be the AC primary voltage standard in the future. Many National Metrology Institutes (NMIs) worldwide have invested in the related research of AC PJVS. Therefore, National Measurement Laboratory (NML) in Taiwan also has started the related   technology development of AC PJVS. Currently, AC PJVS system has been completely established. The AC voltage measurement range of AC PJVS system is (0.1 to 7) V rms at (10 to 500) Hz. In this report, we complete explain the related measurement technology and the measurement uncertainty of AC PJVS. The relative expanded uncertainty is 1.7 μV/V (k=2) for 7 V rms (at 62.5 Hz) by using AC PJVS system.
26 Report on Concentration Stability Verification of Primary Reference Gas   Mixtures(No.073A40018) This report shows procedure applied to evaluate the concentration stability of CO in N2,CO2 in N2, CH4 in N2, C3H8 in N2, CF4 in N2, SF6 in N2, NO in N2, SO2 in N2, O2 in N2, and CH4 in air Primary Standard Gas Mixtures(PSM). And, how to use GC-TCD/FID(Gas Chromatography equipped with Thermal Conductivity Detector and Flame Ionization Detector), FTIR(Fourier Transform Infrared   Spectroscopy)or Trace Oxygen Analyzer to verify the concentration of the PSM in order to evaluate its expiration date. This report belongs to the scope of Gravimetric High-Pressure Cylinder Gas Mixture Supply and Certification System (C08). By the concentration ratio analysis between original PSM and   Primary Reference Gas Mixtures (PRM) purchased from foreign national metrology institute(NMI) or PSM prepared again regularly by C08, estimating   the verification concentration value and its measurement uncertainty of the original PSM. Thereafter, with repeated analysis and testing for the PSM every 3 to 6 months once to have a long-term monitoring and checking of its   concentration stability.
27 Testing Procedures for the conformance test of Phasor Measurement Units (PMUs)according to IEEE C37.118.1(No.073A40015) The Instrument Test Technique for Phasor Measurement Unit describes the conformance testing for Phasor Measurement Units (PMUs) according to IEEE C37.118.1(Standard for Synchrophasors for Power Systems). It contains the steps of test procedure, preparations before testing, required measurement equipment and standards, and a sample of the test report. Thus, this test procedure can be used as an operation reference for the measurement of a PMU. Besides, the test procedure for a single test type listed in conformance testing for PMUs is also described.
  • Last Updated:2020/09/15
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